Sunday, October 3, 2010

Eradicating malaria: a missed opportunity?

Read about how we failed to eradicate malaria in the world. A missed opportunity indeed.
My question is: Why control something that can be eradicated?
Where there's no will, there's no way...

Click here for the full article from CDC.


Eradication Efforts Worldwide: Success and Failure (1955-1978)

4 stamps showing mosquitoes, from Mozambique, S Tome and Principe, Angola, and Cabo Verde
Stamps highlighting malaria eradication
With the success of DDT, the advent of less toxic, more effective synthetic antimalarials, and the enthusiastic and urgent belief that time and money were of the essence, the World Health Organization (WHO) submitted at the World Health Assembly in 1955 an ambitious proposal for the eradication of malaria worldwide. Eradication efforts began and focused on house spraying with residual insecticides, antimalarial drug treatment, and surveillance, and would be carried out in 4 successive steps: preparation, attack, consolidation, and maintenance. Successes included elimination in nations with temperate climates and seasonal malaria transmission. Some countries such as India and Sri Lanka had sharp reductions in the number of cases, followed by increases to substantial levels after efforts ceased. Other nations had negligible progress (such as Indonesia, Afghanistan, Haiti, and Nicaragua). Some nations were excluded completely from the eradication campaign (most of sub-Saharan Africa). The emergence of drug resistance, widespread resistance to available insecticides, wars and massive population movements, difficulties in obtaining sustained funding from donor countries, and lack of community participation made the long-term maintenance of the effort untenable. Completion of the eradication campaign was eventually abandoned.The goal of most current National Malaria Prevention and Control Programs and most malaria activities conducted in endemic countries is to reduce the number of malaria-related cases and deaths. To reduce malaria transmission to a level where it is no longer a public health problem is the goal of what is called malaria "control."
Recent increases in resources, political will, and commitment have led again to discussion of the possibility of malaria elimination and, ultimately, eradication.

2 comments:

  1. This is a follow up to my post on "Eradicating malaria: a missed opportunity?". Did you know that 1 child dies from this deadly disease every 30 seconds? The sad news is that malaria is a preventable disease and they do not have to die. So, why do we let this happen?
    After the successful assault on malaria through the use of DDT, leading to the elimination of malaria in most parts of the world including southern Europe and the US, the use of the drug was severely restricted. The reason? It was found to be harmful to certain wildlife. Ugh? Yes, you heard me loud and clear. Better for a child to die every 30 seconds in sub-Saharan Africa than to...

    Let's do whatever it takes to kick malaria out!
    Your thoughts are welcome.

    ReplyDelete
  2. malaria eradication after reading this topic its very dangerous one. if affected malaria means its not cure very quickly.

    ReplyDelete

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